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Author Index

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author bios: s
Bios as of the time of publication. Please use your browser's search function [ctrl/cmd-F] to find authors by last name. 

Alexander Sachs

Alexander Sachs (1893–1973) was vice president of Lehman Brothers from 1936 to 1943 and was on the firm's board until his death in 1973.

David Sachs

David Sachs, professor of philosophy at John Hopkins University, is a former editor of The Philosophical Review and is now working on a book on the emotions.

Mahmoud Sadri

Mahmoud Sadri is a doctoral candidate in sociology at the New School for Social Research.

Eli Sagan

Eli Sagan is guest lecturer in the Department of Sociology in the New School Graduate Faculty.  He is the author of The Honey and the Hemlock: Democracy and Paranoia in Ancient Athens and Modern America (1991).

Erol Saglam

Erol Saglam is a social anthropologist working on reconfigurations of statecraft and subjectivity at the intersections of conspiracy theories, societal violence, and bureaucratic operations. Following postdoctoral fellowships at Stockholm University and Freie Universität Berlin, he works as a lecturer at Istanbul Medeniyet University.

Atef Said

Atef Said is an Egyptian human rights attorney and PhD candidate in sociology at the University of Michigan. He is the author of Torture Is a Crime against Humanity (published in Arabic, 2008). He is currently working on his doctoral dissertation, tentatively titled “The Egyptian Revolution of 2011: Politics of Classes, Tahrir and the State.”

Nader Saiedi

Nader Saiedi is an assistant professor in the department of sociology and anthropology at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota. 

Andras Sajo

András Sajó is professor of legal studies at Central European University. His publications include Limiting Government: An Introduction to Constitutionalism (1999) and Political Corruption in Transition: A Sceptic's Handbook (coeditor, 2002).

Naomi Sakr

Naomi Sakr lectures on the political economy of communication and communication policy and development at the University of Westminster, UK. She is the author of Satellite Realms: Transnational Television, Globalization and the Middle East (2001) and a report on 'Women's Rights and the Arab Media' (2000).

Renata Salecl

Renata Salecl is a philosopher and sociologist working as a senior researcher at the Institute of Criminology at the Faculty of Law in Ljubljana, Slovenia. Her books include (Per) Versions of Love and Hate (1998), On Anxiety (2004), and Choice (2010).

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani is associate professor and chair of the Department of Economics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and honorary professor at the Institute for Research and Planning and Development in Tehran. He is a research fellow and member of the advisory board of the Economic Research Council for Arab Countries, Iran and Turkey, and is on the editorial board of the Middle East Report (MERIP). His current research is in human resources and the economics of the family in the Middle East, especially Iran.

Elaine Salisbury

Laney Salisbury is co-author of Provenance: How a Con Man and a Forger Rewrote the History of Modern Art (2009) and The Cruelest Miles: The Heroic Story of Dogs and Men in a Race Against an Epidemic (2003). She is also a professor of journalism at University at Albany, SUNY, and a former reporter with the Associated Press and Reuters.

Albert Salomon

Albert Salomon (1891–1966) was professor of sociology at the Pädagogische Institut in Cologne, and editor of Die Gesellschaft.

Arthur Salz

Arthur Salz (1881–1963) taught at Cambridge and later Ohio State University. In 1933, he fled Germany, where he had been associate professor of economics at the University of Heidelberg. 

William J. Samarin

William J. Samarin is professor of linguistics at the University of Toronto. He is the author of Tongues of Men and Angels: The Religious Language of Pentecostalism (1972).

Franz Samelson

Franz Samelson is professor of psychology at Kansas State University. 

Robert Samet

Robert Samet is an associate professor of anthropology and director of Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Union College. He is the author of Deadline: Populism and the Press in Venezuela (2019).

Warren Samuels

Warren Samuels is professor emeritus of economics at Michigan State University. He specializes in the history of economic thought, methodology and the economic role of government. His Essays on the History of Economics is forthcoming with Routledge in 2004. His principal research is on the use of the concept of the invisible hand.

Paul A. Samuelson

Paul A. Samuelson, institute professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is the author of Economics (8th ed. 1970), Foundations of Economic Analysis, and The Collected Papers of Paul A. Samuelson, vol. III, which is to be published this year. 

Hakan Sandal-Wilson

Hakan Sandal-Wilson recently completed his PhD on Kurdish LGBTI+ activism in modern Turkey at the Centre for Gender Studies, University of Cambridge. Being active in LGBTI+ rights activism, his research interests include gender and sexuality studies, critical theory, and political sociology.

Carl Sandburg

Judit Sandor

Judit Sandor is professor of law and political science at Central European University. Her publications in English include 'Genetic Testing, Genetic Screening and Privacy' in The Ethics of Genetic Screening (1999).

Ellis Sandoz

Ellis Sandoz has written on themes in the philosophy of history as well as that of myth and society in other publications. He is assistant professor of philosophy and political science at Louisiana Polytechnic Institute.

John S. Santelli

John S. Santelli is professor and chairman, Heilbrunn Department of Population and Family Health, Mailman School of Public Health, and professor of clinical pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University.

David J. Saposs

David J. Saposs has recently returned from an eight-month sojourn in Europe, where he continued his study of international labor developments. At present he is working on a book to be called Ideologic Conflicts in the International Labor Movement, and is gathering data for another on post-merger labor developments. 

Daniel Sarewitz

Daniel Sarewitz is professor of science and society and co-director of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes at Arizona State University. His work focuses on revealing the connections between science policy decisions, scientific research, and social outcomes.

Louis A. Sass

Louis A. Sass is associate professor of clinical psychology at Rutgers University. He is a coeditor of Hermeneutics and Psychological Theory (1988) and is currently working on a book on madness and modernism. 

Saskia Sassen

Saskia Sassen is the Robert S. Lynd professor of sociology and a member of the Committee on Global Thought at Columbia University. Her newest book is Expulsions: Brutality and Complexity in the Global Economy (2014).

Debra Satz

Debra Satz is Marta Sutton Weeks professor of ethics in society, professor of philosophy, and senior associate dean for the humanities and arts at Stanford University. Her recent books are Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Limits of Markets (2010) and Occupy the Future (coeditor, 2012).

Wolfgang Sauer

Wolfgang Sauer is professor of history, University of California, Berkeley. He is co-author (with Bracher and Schulz) of Die Nationalsozialistische Machtergreifung, and has also published "National Socialism: Totalitarianism or Fascism?," American History Review 73 (1967). He is currently preparing a sociological analysis of the German educated class in the early twentieth century, as well as further studies in Weimar intellectual history.


Haun Saussy is University Professor at the University of Chicago, teaching in East Asian Languages and Civilizations and the Committee on Social Thought. Among his books are The Problem of a Chinese Aesthetic (1994), Great Walls of Discourse (2001), Partner to the Poor: A Paul Farmer Reader (2010), The Ethnography of Rhythm (2016), Translation as Citation: Zhuangzi Inside Out (2017), Are We Comparing Yet? (2019), The Making of Barbarians: Chinese Literature in Multilingual Asia (2022), and the edited collections Sinographies (2007) and Comparative Literature in an Age of Globalization (2008). As translator, he has produced versions of works by Jean Métellus (When the Pipirite Sings, 2019) and Tino Caspanello (Bounds, 2020), among others.

Peter Kishore Saval

P. Kishore Saval is a former professor of comparative literature at Brown University. He is the author of Reading Shakespeare through Philosophy (2014), and Shakespeare in Hate (2016).

Larry Sawers

Larry Sawers is professor of economics at American University in Washington, DC.

Lizzie Sayer

Lizzie Sayer is senior communications officer at the International Science Council, where she leads the council’s project on the future of scientific publishing. Previously she managed the International Social Science Council-UNESCO publication, the 2016 World Social Science Report, Challenging Inequalities: Pathways to a Just World.

Maggie Scarf

Maggie Scarf is writer-in-residence at Jonathan Edwards College, Yale University, and senior fellow at the Bush Center in Child Development and Social Policy at Yale. She is the author of Intimate Worlds: Life Inside the Family (1995) and Intimate Partners: Patterns in Love and Marriage (1987), a New York Times best seller.

Martin A. Schain

Martin Schain is professor of politics at New York University. His many books include The Politics of Immigration in France, Britain, and the United States: A Comparative Study (2008).

Simon Schama

Simon Schama professor of history at Harvard University, is the author of The Embarrassment of the Riches: An Interpretation of Dutch Culture in the Golden Age (1987) and Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution (1989). 

Frederick Schauer

Frederick Schauer, academic dean and Frank Stanton Professor of the First Amendment at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government, is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His publications include Free Speech: A Philosophical Enquiry (1982), and Playing by the Rules: A Philosophical Examination of Rule-Based Decision-Making in Law and in Life (1991).

Thomas J. Scheff

Thomas J. Scheff is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His most recent book is Bloody Revenge (1993).

David Scheffer

David Scheffer was Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues in the Clinton administration, where he was engaged in the establishment of and support for international criminal tribunals and led the United States delegation to the UN talks on the International Criminal Court. He is currently Senior Vice President of the United Nations Association of the United States.

Bertram Schefold

Bertram Schefold is professor of economics at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitat Frankfurt am Main. He has published more than 40 books and 250 articles on economic theory and its history, and energy policy, and has been the subject of two festschrifts. 

Emanuel A. Schegloff

Emanuel A. Schegloff is a professor of sociology at UCLA, currently on a Guggenheim Fellowship at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford. His many publications include “Whose Text? Whose Context?” (Discourse & Society, 1997) and “Practices and Actions” (Discourse Processes, 1997).

Walter Scheidel

Walter Scheidel is Dickason professor in the humanities, professor of classics and history, and Catherine R. Kennedy and Daniel L. Grossman fellow in human biology at Stanford University

C. Hannah Schell

Hannah Schell is professor of philosophy and religious studies at Monmouth College.

Jonathan Schell

Jonathan Schell is the Peace and Disarmament Correspondent at The Nation and Harold Willins Peace Fellow at The Nation Institute. He is the author of The Unconquerable World: Power, Nonviolence and the Will of the People (2003) and A Hole in the World: A Story of War, Protest and the New American Order (2004), a compilation of his 'Letters from Ground Zero' columns.

Nancy Scheper-Hughes

Nancy Scheper-Hughes directs the doctoral training program in medical anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley. As director of Organs Watch, she has conducted ethnographic and human rights-oriented research on human trafficking in human bodies, dead and alive.

Paul Scherz

Paul Scherz is an associate professor of moral theology and ethics at the Catholic University of America and a fellow of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture at the University of Virginia. He holds doctorates in both genetics and moral theology. His book, Science and Christian Ethics (2019), investigates contemporary moral formation in science.

William E. Scheuerman

William E. Scheuerman will be joining the political science faculty of Indiana University at the end of the year. He is author of Liberal Democracy and the Social Acceleration of Time (2004), Carl Schmitt: The End of Law (1999), and Between the Norm and the Exception: The Frankfurt School and the Rule of Law (1994). He is presently working on a study of Hans Morgenthau.

Frederic Schick

Frederic Schick is professor of philosophy at Rutgers University. His publications include Making Choices (1997) and Understanding Action (1991).

Herbert I. Schiller

Herbert I. Schiller is Research Associate Professor, Bureau of Economic and Business Research, University of Illinois, and editor of The Quarterly Review of Economics and Business. He is working on the resources issues which face the United States. 

Philip Schlesinger

Philip Schlesinger is associate professor of sociology at the Thames Polytechnic School of Social Sciences. 

John R. Schmidhauser

John R. Schmidhauser is professor of political science at the University of Iowa. He has written two books on the Supreme Court and a third one on constitutional law. With Larry L. Berg, he has written Congress and the Supreme Court: the Post World War II Era, 1945-1968, which will appear this year.

Gavin Schmidt

Gavin Schmidt is the director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and works on the simulation of climate in the past, present, and possible futures. He coauthored, with Joshua Wolfe, Climate Change: Picturing the Science in 2009, and in 2011 was the inaugural recipient of the AGU Climate Communications Prize. His 2014 TED Talk has been viewed over a million times.

Philippe C. Schmitter

Philippe C. Schmitter is professor of political and social sciences at the European University Institute in Italy.

Cathy Lisa Schneider

Cathy Lisa Schneider is associate professor at the School of International Service, American University, and the author of Shantytown Protest in Pinochet's Chile (1995). Her publications also include "Racism, Drug Policy and AIDS" (Political Science Quarterly, 1998) and "Framing Puerto Rican Identity" (Mobilization, 1997). This article in Social Research is part of a larger project on state violence, identity construction, and spaces of resistance.

Jeanne Schneider

Jeanne Schneider, formerly of Lawrence University, is at present with the Peace Corps in Iran. 

Louis Schneider

Louis Schneider is Professor of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin. Among other books, he wrote Sociological Approach to Religion (1970) and co-edited The Idea of Culture in the Social Sciences (1973). 

Ulrich Johannes Schneider

Ulrich J. Schneider is associate professor of philosophy at the University of Leipzig. He served as co-editor for Twentieth Century Russian Philosophy (1996) and is the author of Spirits Past: An Archaeology of the History of Philosophy (1990).

Michael F. Schober

Michael F. Schober is Dean of Psychology at the Graduate Faculty, New School University and an associate editor of Discourse Processes. His recent publications include 'Different Kinds of Conversational Perspective-taking' in Social and Cognitive Psychological Approaches to Interpersonal Communication (1998).

Bob Scholte

Bob Scholte, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Graduate Faculty, New School for Social Research, is the Editor-in-Chief of the Northwestern University Studies in Philosophy and Anthropology and co-editor of Epistemological Foundations for Cultural Anthropology.

TreBor Scholz

Trebor Scholz is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Culture and Media Studies at Eugene Lang College The New School for Liberal Arts. He is the founder of the Institute for Distributed Creativity. He is coeditor of The Art of Free Cooperation (2007).

Peter Schotten

Peter Schotten is associate professor in the Department of Government and International Affairs at Augusta College.

Ellen Schrecker

Ellen Schrecker is professor of history at Yeshiva University who has written extensively about academic freedom and the Cold War red scare. Among her publications are No Ivory Tower: McCarthyism and the Universities (1986), and Many are the Crimes: McCarthyism in America (1998). She is currently working on a book about American higher education today.

Trent Schroyer

Trent Schroyer is professor of sociology at Ramapo College, Ramapo, New Jersey. He wrote Critique of Domination (1973).

Michael Schudson

Michael Schudson is professor of Communication at the University of California at San Diego and the author of The Good Citizen: A History of American Civic Life (1998) and The Power of News (1995).

Natasha Dow Schüll

Natasha D. Schüll is a cultural anthropologist and associate professor at New York University. She studies digital media and subjectivity and is the author of Addiction by Design. Her forthcoming book, Keeping Track, details new modes of introspection and governance engendered by digital self-tracking technologies.

Joseph A. Schumpeter

Joseph A. Schumpeter (1883–1950) professor of economics at Harvard University, 1932–50, wrote Theory of Economic Development (1911), Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (1942), and History of Economic Analysis (1954).

Edwin M. Schur

Edwin M. Schur, who received his M.A. degree from the Graduate Faculty of the New School in 1957, is now working towards a doctorate in sociology at the London School of Economics. He has published several articles on socio-Iegal topics.

Bernard Schurman

Bernard Schurman is Professor of Economics, University of Rhode Island. His article is part of a larger monograph which will examine Soviet welfare programs and their relation to Marxist economic goals and to the Soviet Communist Party.

Reiner Schurmann

Reiner Schrumann (1941–1993) was professor of philosophy in the Graduate Faculty of the New School. His publications include Heidegger on Being and Acting: From Principles to Anarchy (1986) and Broken Hegemonies.

Gesine Schwan

Gesine Schwan is Professor of Political Science at the Free University of Berlin and a member of the Presidium of the Deutsche Vereeniging fur Politische Wissenschaft. She is the author of Politics and Guilt: The Destructive Potential of Science (2001).

Barry Schwartz

Barry Schwartz, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Georgia, has addressed collective memory issues in many articles and books, including George Washington: The Making of an American Symbol (1987), Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory (2000), and Abraham Lincoln, Eroding Idol: History and Memory in the Post-Heroic Era (2008).

Robert Schwartz

Robert Schwartz is professor of philosophy at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee.

Ernesto Schwartz-Marin

Ernesto Schwartz-Marin, a research fellow in the department of anthropology and earth sciences at Durham University, was the principal investigator of the ESRC (UK)-sponsored Citizen-Led Forensics project. He is now the chief innovation officer at Gobernanza Forense Ciudadana.

Libby Schweber

Libby Schweber is Assistant Professor at Harvard University's Department of Sociology. Her publications include Styles of Statistical Reasoning: The French Liberal Tradition (reconsidered in Beaud and Prevost, eds., 2000).

Susan Schweik

Susan Schweik is Professor and Associate Dean of Arts and Humanities at the University of California at Berkeley, is the author The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public (History of Disability) (2009), among others. Her interests also include twentieth century poetry, and war literature.

Arthur Schweitzer

Arthur Schweitzer, Professor of Economics at Indiana University, is particularly interested in the comparative analysis of economic systems. He is a contributor to the UNESCO volume entitled The Third Reich (1954), and has written widely on different phases of the Nazi economy.

Ilse Schwidetzky

Ilse Schwidetzky is Professor and Director of Anthropology at the Anthropologisches Institut, Universitaet Mainz, Germany. She has written widely on the biology of populations, and is completing studies on the social biology of Westphalia.

David Scobey

David Scobey is executive dean of The New School for Public Engagement at The New School. An American studies scholar and leading voice for academic civic engagement, he has written widely on the current state of American higher education.

Harvey Scodel

Harvey Scodel holds a master’s degree in Philosophy from Penn State University and a Ph.D. in Classics from the University of California, Berkeley, as well as an M.B.A. from the same institution. He is the author of Diaeresis and Myth in Plato's Statesman (1987). He works as a commercial real estate appraiser in San Francisco.

Nicholas Scoppetta

Nicholas Scoppetta has been New York City's Fire Commissioner since December 30, 2001. He is a former Deputy Mayor for Criminal Justice; Commissioner of Investigation for the City of New York; Assistant United States Attorney, Southern District of New York; Assistant District Attorney, New York County; and Commissioner for the Administration for Children's Services.

Joan W. Scott

Joan Scott is Harold F. Linder Professor in the School of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study. She served on the Committee on Academic Freedom and Tenure (Committee A) of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) from 1993 to 2006 and as chair of the committee in 1999–2005. Her most recent book is The Politics of the Veil (2007).

Michael Scott

Michael Scott is a professor of classics and ancient history at University of Warwick. His research has focused on Greek religion, particularly the oracle and sanctuary of Delphi. He is the author of several books on the ancient Mediterranean world, and ancient global history. He has written and presented a range of documentaries for National Geographic, History Channel, ITV, and BBC. More about his work can be found here:

William B. Scott

William B. Scott is associate professor of history at Kenyon College and author of In Pursuit of Happiness: American Conceptions of Property (1977).

Andrew Scull

Andrew Scull is professor and chairman of the department of sociology at the University of California, San Diego at La Jolla. His books include Museums of Madness (1979).

John R. Searle

John R. Searle is Mills Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Language at the University of California, Berkeley. His most recent book is The Rediscovery of Mind (1992).

Catherine Seavitt

Catherine Seavitt is an associate professor of landscape architecture at City College of New York and principal of Catherine Seavitt Studio. Her research focuses on design adaptation to sea level rise in urban coastal environments and explores novel landscape restoration practices given the dynamics of climate change.

Mona Sedky

Mona Sedky, a graduate of the University of California, is Dean of the Higher Institute of Social Service, Alexandria, and a Technical Advisor for Industrial Welfare. She has also served on various government committees in Egypt.

Thomas Seebohm

Thomas Seebohm is Professor of Philosophy at the Pennsylvania State University. His most recent book, in German, is Ratio und Charisma (1976).

Lore Segal

Lore Segal is Professor of English at Ohio State University. Her works include Her First American (1985) and Tell Me a Mitzi (1982).

Scott Seider

Scott Seider is an assistant professor at Boston University, where his research focuses on the development of social responsibility in adolescents.

Gay W. Seidman

Gay Seidman teaches sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her books include Beyond the Boycott: Labor Rights, Human Rights and Transnational Activism (2007). She is currently researching urban “service delivery” protests in the global South.

Janet S. Seigel

Janet S. Seigel, formerly Assistant Professor of History at Roosevelt College, Chicago, has recently been American correspondent for Le Populaire de Paris. She has conducted extensive research on various aspects of French political life.

Peter Seixas

Peter Seixas is a doctoral candidate at the University of California Los Angeles.

Adam B. Seligman

Adam B. Seligman is professor of religion at Boston University and Director of the International Summer School on Religion and Public Life. His publications include Modest Claims, Dialogues and Essays on Tolerance and Tradition (2004).

William Seltzer

William Seltzer is Senior Research Scholar at Fordham University's Department of Sociology and Anthropology. He was formerly Director of the United Nations Statistics Division and consultant to the Prosecutor's Office, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Willi Semmler

Willi Semmler is the Henry Arnhold Professor of Economics and Research Fellow at the Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis, New School for Social Research, and Research Fellow at the Center for European Economic Research in Mannheim, Germany. His publications include Asset Prices, Booms, and Recessions (2011).

Amartya Sen

Amartya Sen, winner of 1998 Nobel Prize in Economics, is Lamont University Professor at Harvard University. Among his most recent books are India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity (coauthor, 1995) and On Economic Inequality (1997).

Richard Sennett

Richard Sennett is University Professor of the Humanities at New York University. His publications include Authority (1980) and Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization (1994).

Emma Seppala

Emma Seppala is the Associate Director at Stanford University’s Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education and Honorary Fellow at the University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Center for Investigating Healthy Minds.

Ismail Serageldin

Ismail Serageldin is Vice President for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development for The World Bank and Chairman of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). He has designed and managed a range of poverty-focused projects in developing countries and is an internationally published author on many development-related topics.

James Serpell

James Serpell is associate professor of human ethics and animal welfare in the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the editor of The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behaviour and Interactions with People (1995).

Elizabeth Sewell

Elizabeth Sewell is Joe Rosenthal Professor of Humanities at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.  Her most recent book is Signs and Cities (1975)

Anwar Shaikh

Anwar Shaikh is Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics at The New School for Social Research and associate editor of the Cambridge Journal of Economics. His essay on his intellectual biography is included in the most recent edition of the book Eminent Economists (forthcoming, 2013).

Dmitri N. Shalin

Dmitri N. Shalin is assistant professor of sociology at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.

Zubayra Shamseden

Zubayra Shamseden works for the Uyghur Human Rights Project. She was a 2016–2018 fellow at the Center for Women, Faith & Leadership (CWFL) of the Institute for Global Engagement. She has been a devoted campaigner for Uyghur freedom since the late 1980s and is a thought leader of the Uyghur rights movement.

David Shapiro

David Shapiro is Professor of Psychology and Director of Clinical Training the New School University's Graduate Faculty. He is the author, most recently, of Dynamics of Character: Self-regulation Psychotherapy (2000). His research deals with the psychopathology of character and its treatment

Ian Shapiro

Ian Shapiro is Sterling Professor of Political Science and Henry R. Luce Director of the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University. Among his books are The State of Democratic Theory (2004) and The Moral Foundations of Politics (2003).

Kenneth J. Shapiro

Kenneth J. Shapiro is the Editor of Society and Animals. He is currently working on Animal Models of Human Psychology: Science, Ethics, and Policy (forthcoming).

Nina L. Shapiro

Nina Shapiro is professor of Head and Neck Surgery at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and director of Pediatric Otolaryngology at the Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA. She is the author of HYPE: A Doctor's Guide to Medical Myths, Exaggerated Claims and Bad Advice: How to Tell What's Real and What's Not (2018).

Avery Sharron

Avery Sharron, Assistant Professor of Sociology at Kentucky, is working on a book on the social perception and organization of time.

Galina Shaton

Galina Shaton teaches classes in human rights education, international education, and gender studies. She is the author of six books and more than fifty articles. She participated in the implementation of the discipline of gender studies and establishing gender education in her home country of Belarus. She has managed projects on gender leadership, international education and human resource management and is involved in many international education projects around the world.

Thomas Sheehan

Thomas Sheehan is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University, Chicago. He edited Heidegger: The Man and the Thinker (1981).

Christian Sheppard

Christian Sheppard teaches liberal arts at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. He coedited Mystics: Presence and Aporia. His next project is a book of popular philosophy on how the heroic virtues and mythic vision celebrated in Homer’s epics and at the baseball game offer a more perfect pursuit of happiness.

Naiem A. Sherbiny

Naiem A. Sherbiny, author of numerous books and papers on the Middle East, has been on the faculty at Berkeley, Wisconsin, Harvard, AUC, and Georgetown; and economist at the Arab Fund in Kuwait and the World Bank in Washington. Presently, he represents the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development in the United States, and is director at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina Foundation. He lives and works in Arlington, Virginia.

Yael D. Sherman

Yael D. Sherman is the author of “Neoliberal Femininity in Miss Congeniality” in Feminism at the Movies, “Fashioning Femininity: Clothing the Body and the Self in What Not to Wear” in Exposing Lifestyle Television: The Big Reveal (2008), and “Tracing the Carnival Spirit in Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Feminist Reworkings of the Grotesque” in Thirdspace. She teaches at Spelman College.

L. E. Shiner

Roger L. Shinn

Roger L. Shinn is Reinhold Niebuhr Professor of Social Ethics at Union Theological Seminary. His most recent book is War and Rumors of War (1972).

Terry Shinn

Terry Shinn, Director of Research at CNRS, Paris, is coauthor of Expository Science: Forms and Functions of Popularisation (1985).

Robert Shireman

Bob Shireman is a senior fellow at The Century Foundation working on education policy. He served in the Clinton White House as a senior policy advisor to the National Economic Council, later founding the Institute for College Access & Success and its Project on Student Debt. As deputy undersecretary of education in the Obama Administration in 2009–10, he led efforts to address predatory practices by colleges.

Judith Shklar

Judith N. Shklar (1928–1992) was John Cowles professor of government at Harvard University. She was the author of nine books on political philosophy including, Ordinary Vices (1988). Two volumes of her essays, entitled Redeeming American Political Thought (1998) and Political Thought and Political Thinking (1998), were published posthumously.

Ephraim Shoham-Steiner

Ephraim Shoham-Steiner is a Kreitman Postdoctoral Fellow in the History Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev at Be'er Sheva, Israel. He is currently working on a book on Jewish social attitudes toward marginal individuals (the physically impaired, lepers and madmen) in medieval European-Jewish communities.

Marci Shore

Marci Shore is an associate professor of history at Yale University. She is the translator of Michal Glowinski's The Black Seasons, and the author of Caviar and Ashes: A Warsaw Generation’s Life and Death in Marxism, 1918–1968 (2006), The Taste of Ashes: The Afterlife of Totalitarianism in Eastern Europe (2013), and The Ukrainian Night: An Intimate History of Revolution (2018).

Miles F. Shore

Miles F. Shore is Bullard Professor of Psychiatry at the Massachusetts Mental Health Center of the Harvard Medical School. He was formerly Associate Dean for Community Affairs and Professor of Community Health and of Psychiatry at the Tufts University School of Medicine.

David Shulman

David Shulman is a professor emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, specializes in the cultural history of Southern India and has published many books in this field, most recently Tamil: A Biography (2016). He is also an activist in Ta’ayush, an Israeli-Palestinian peace group active in the southern West Bank and Jordan Valley.

Richard A. Shweder

Richard A. Shweder is a cultural anthropologist and the Harold Higgins Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Human Development in the Department of Comparative Human Development at the University of Chicago. His books include Thinking through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology and Why Do Men Barbecue? Recipes for Cultural Psychology.

Ilana F. Silber

Ilana Friedrich Silber is a lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. She recently published Virtuosity, Charisma and Social Order: A Comparative Sociological Study of Monasticism in Theravada Buddhism and Medieval Catholicism (1995).

Robert Silbering

Robert H. Silbering is President of Forensic Investigative Associates (USA) Inc., an international corporate investigations firm specializing in corporate fraud, asset tracing and recovery, due diligence, and global intelligence. Formerly a Special Narcotics Prosecutor for the City of New York, he currently serves as an Adjunct Professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice.

Marc Silbermann

Marc Silberman is professor of German and affiliate professor of Theater and Drama and of Film Studies at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, where he currently directs the Center for German and European Studies. His research and teaching focus on the politics of memory, political theater, and German film history. He edited The Brecht Yearbook in 1990–1995.

Andrew Silke

Andrew Silke is a forensic psychologist who has published extensively on terrorism and the psychology of suicide bombers. His most recent book is Terrorists, Victims and Society (2003). He is a Senior Research Associate with the University of St Andrews and serves on the United Nations Roster of Terrorism Experts.

Hugh J. Silverman

Hugh J. Silverman is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Comparative Literature at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He edited Piaget, Philosophy and the Human Sciences (1980).

Jacob Silverman

Jacob Silverman, a freelance journalist, is a contributing editor for the Baffler and has written for the Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Washington Post, and many other publications. He is the author of Terms of Service: Social Media and the Price of Constant Connection. His website is

Roberto Simanowski

Roberto Simanowski is a professor of Media Studies and Digital Humanities in the English Department and School of Creative Media at the City University of Hong Kong.

Milan Simecka

Milan Simecka (1930–1990) was a lecturer in political theory and author of books on socialist utopias.

Christina Simko

Christina Simko is assistant professor of sociology at Williams College and the author of The Politics of Consolation: Memory and the Meaning of September 11 (2015).

Marianne L. Simmel

Marianne L. Simmel is Associate Professor of Psychology in the Graduate Faculty of the New School, and a Research Associate in Neurology at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York.

Jonathan Simon

Jonathan Simon is Associate Dean of the Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program and Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley. His most recent book is Governing through Crime: How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of Fear (2007).

Robert L. Simon

Robert L. Simon is Professor of Philosophy at Hamilton College and coauthor of The Individual and the Political Order (1977).

George Gaylord Simpson

Professor Emeritus of vertebrate paleontology at Harvard University, is now professor of geophysics at the university of Arizona and President of the Simroe Foundation, Tucson

Amy Singer

Amy Singer is Professor of Ottoman History at Tel Aviv University. She is the author of Charity in Islamic Societies (2008). Her current work focuses on public kitchens in the second Ottoman capital, Edime.

Brian C. J. Singer

Brian C. J. Singer is assistant professor of sociology at York University in Toronto and author of Society, Theory and the French Revolution (1986).

Jerome L. Singer

Jerome L. Singer is Professor of Psychology at Yale University. His most recent book is The Inner World of Daydreaming (1975).

Kurt Singer

L. Singer

L. Singer did his graduate work at Columbia University and is Associate Professor in the Social Sciences at New York City Community College.

Morris Singer

Morris Singer received his Ph.D. from the University of California in 1955, is a member of the Department of Economics at the University of Connecticut.

Peter Singer

Peter Singer is director of the Center for Human Bioethics at Monash University, Victoria, Australia. With Deane Wells he wrote Making Babies (1985).

Sara Singleton

Sara Singleton is a doctoral candidate in political science at the University of Washington.

Anthony C. Sirignano

Anthony C. Sirignano is working on a doctoral dissertation on Aristotle's Politics at Princeton University.

ari sitas

Ari Sitas, emeritus professor, directs research through the University of Cape Town’s Department of Sociology. He was the chair of the National Institute for the Humanities and Social Sciences in South Africa until March 2023. He also  served as president of the South African Sociological Association and as vice president of the International Sociological Association between 2006 and 2010.

S. S. Sivakumar

S. S. Sivakumar is Reader in the Department of Econometrics at the University of Madras and coauthor of Peasants and Nabobs, forthcoming.

H. Gordon Skilling

H. Gordon Skilling is Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto. His latest book is Samizdat and an Independent Society in Central and Eastern Europe (1988).

Theda Skocpol

Theda Skocpol is professor of sociology at Harvard University and author of States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China (1979).

Henryk Skolimowski

Henryk Skolimowski is Professor of Philosophy in the Department of Humanities of the College of Engineering, University of Michigan. He is working on a book entitled The Twilight of Scientific Reason.

Paul Slack

Paul Slack is emeritus professor of early modern social history and senior research associate, formerly Principal, of Linacre College. His publications include The Invention of Improvement: Information and Material Progress in Seventeenth-Century England.

J. David Slocum

J. David Slocum is Assistant Dean in the Graduate School of Arts and Science at New York University, where he teaches Cinema Studies. He is editor of Violence and American Cinema (forthcoming 2000). His essays and reviews on violence, media, and culture have appeared in the American Historical Review, Cineaste, Times Literary Supplement, and Media,· Culture, and Society. Currently he is writing a book on violence and cyberspace.

Hans Sluga

Hans Sluga is a professor of philosophy at the University of California Berkeley. He wrote Gottlob Frege (1980).

Deborah Small

Deborah Peterson Small, Director of Public Policy for The Lindesmith Center and former Legislative Director of the New York Civil Liberties Union, is an ardent advocate for drug policy reform. She is privileged to speak regularly to elected officials and religious and community leaders as well as parents about issues relating to the government's failed drug policy.

MARIO L. Small

Mario L. Small, Quetelet Professor of Social Science at Columbia University and elected member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, is an expert on inequality, urban poverty, social networks, and the relationship between qualitative and quantitative methods. His recent books include Someone to Talk To: How Networks Matter in Practice (2019) and Qualitative Literacy: A Guide to Evaluating Ethnographic and Interview Research (2022).

Melanie Smallman

Melanie Smallman is an associate professor in science and technology studies at UCL and a fellow at the Alan Turing Institute. Her research looks at the role of technologies in increasing inequality and how such social impacts affect public perceptions and ethical evaluations. Previously she was an advisor in UK government and a fellow in Science, Technology and Society at Harvard University.

Neil J. Smelser

Neil J. Smelser is University Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, and Director Emeritus of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford. His research areas include social theory and social change. He is coeditor of the International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (with P. B. Baltes, 2001).

James A. Smith

James Allen Smith is vice president and director of research and education at the Rockefeller Archive Center. He previously held the Waldemar A. Nielsen Chair in Philanthropy at Georgetown University.

Lacey Baldwin Smith

Lacey Baldwin Smith, Professor Emeritus of History and Peter B. Ritzma Professor in the Humanities emeritus at Northwestern University, is the author of eight books on English history. He is also the author of Fools, Martyrs, Traitors: The Story of Martyrdom in the Western World. He is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Michael Joseph Smith

Michael Joseph Smith an instructor in Social Studies at Harvard University, is completing a doctoral dissertation on "The Idea of Realism in the Theory of International Relations."

Philip M. Smith

Philip M. Smith directed the Academies National Research Council from 1981 through 1993. He has known and worked with all the science advisers from the Eisenhower through Clinton administrations, and has published extensively on science and technology and public policy.

Rogers M. Smith

Rogers M. Smith is professor of political science at Yale University.  His works include Beyond Tocqueville, Myrdal, and Hartz: The Multiple Traditions in America (1993).

Steven B. Smith

Steven B. Smith is associate professor of political science at Yale University.  His most recent book is Hegel's Critique of Liberalism: Rights in Context (1989).

Carroll Smith-Rosenberg

Carroll Smith-Rosenberg is assistant professor, history and psychiatry departments, University of Pennsylvania. Her published works include Religion and the Rise of the American City, and several articles on sex roles and social stress in 19th century America.

Aleksander Smolar

Aleksander Smolar is Chairman of the Stefan Batory Foundation in Warsaw and senior research fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris. He has recently written From Opposition to Atomization: Civil Society after Communism (1996) and Kwasniewski's Polen (1996).

Hugh H. Smythe

Bruno Snell

Bruno Snell is professor of Classical Studies, University of Hamburg, Germany. He is the author of several books, most recent of which is Fragmenta Tragicorum Graecorum Minorum.

Ann Snitow

Ann Snitow is the Director of the Gender Studies Program at the New School and a cofounder of the Network of East-West Women. Her most recent writing and political work is about the changing situation of women in Eastern Europe.


Raymond Sokolov

Raymond Sokolov is a U.S. journalist and author who has written extensively about food.

Jacob Soll

Jacob Soll is the author of Publishing “The Prince” (2009), The Information Master (2011), and, most recently, The Reckoning: Financial Accountability and the Rise and Fall of Nations (2014). A professor at the University of Southern California, he is the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation “Genius” Fellowship.

Steven L. Solnick

Steven L. Solnick is associate professor of political science at Columbia University. He is the author of Stealing the State: Control and Collapse in Soviet Institutions and is currently working on a monograph of center-periphery politics in Russia and other large states.

Alexander Soloviev

Alexander Soloviev is executive editor of Russia in Global Affairs and a visiting fellow at the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, National Research University Higher School of Economics, in Moscow.

Robert M. Solow

Robert Solow is Institute Professor Emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology. He received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1987 for his theory of growth. His books include A Critical Essay on Modern Macroeconomics Theory (with Hahn, 1995) and The Labor Market as a Sodal Institution (1990).

Ulrich Sonnemann

Ulrich Sonnemann is professor of psychology in the Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research.

Patricia Meyer Spacks

Patricia Meyer Spacks is the Edgar F. Shannon Professor of English at the University of Virginia. She has published many books about eighteenth-century literature, women's writing, and issues in the academic profession. Her most recent book is Boredom: The Literary History of a State of Mind (1995).

Malcolm K. Sparrow

Malcolm k . sparrow teaches at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. He chairs the school's MPP program as well as several Executive Education programs on regulatory and risk-reduction challenges. His books include License to Steal: How Fraud Bleeds America's Health Care System (2007).

Roger D. Spegele

Roger D. Spegele is assistant professor of government at Wesleyan University. He is preparing a manuscript on the political thought of Joseph Conrad.

Donald P. Spence

Donald P. Spence is professor of psychiatry at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and the author, most recently, of The Freudian Metaphor (1987).

Martin E. Spencer

Martin E. Spencer is associate professor of sociology, State University College, Oneonta, New York. He is a contributor to the Encyclopedia International.

Gerard W. Speyer

Peter Spiegler

Peter Spiegler is Assistant Professor of Economics at the College of Liberal Arts, University of Massachusetts, Boston. His work lies at the intersection of econom­ics, intellectual history, and the philosophy of science.

Altiero Spinelli

Nikolai Ssorin-Chaikov

Nikolai Ssorin-Chaikov is an associate professor of history at the National Research University Higher School of Economics in St. Petersburg. His publications include The Topography of Happiness: Ethnographic Contours of Modernity (in Russian, 2013).

Frits Staal

Frits Staal is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of California at Berkeley. His books include Agni: The Vedic Ritual of the Fire Altar, I-II (1983) and Rules without Meaning: Ritual, Mantras, and the Human Sciences (1989). He has two films to his credit as well as more than 130 published articles.

Guy Standing

Guy Standing is the Director of the Special Project on Global Labour Market Flexability, International Labour Organisation. He is the author of Russian Unemployment and Enterprise Restructuring: Reviving Dead Souls (1996).

Manfred Stanley

Manfred Stanley is Professor of Sociology in the Maxwell School of Public Affairs, Syracuse University. His most recent book is The Technological Conscience (1981).


Brent Staples

Brent Staples joined The New York Times editorial board in 1990. He is author of the memoir Parallel Time (1995), which was a finalist for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize and winner of the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award.

Werner Stark

Werner Stark , professor of sociology at Fordham University, is completing the later volumes of The Sociology of Religion.

Paul Starr

Paul Starr, professor of sociology at Princeton University, is the author of The Social Transformation of American Medicine (1982).

Rodolfo Stavenhagen

Rodolfo Stavenhagen is Consultant to the Inter-American Committee for Agricultural Development and the Centro de Investigaciones Agrarias (Mexico). He is preparing an extensive study on the relations between land tenure and the economic and social development in Mexico.

Asuncion Lera St. Clair

Asuncion Lera St. Clair is research director at the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo, Norway, and associated senior researcher, Chr. Michelsens Institute. 

Edward Stein

Edward Stein, Vice Dean and Professor of Law at Cardozo School of Law, is the author of The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation (1999) and numerous articles on sexual orientation, gender, and family law.

David I. Steinberg

David I. Steinberg is distinguished professor Emeritus of Asian Studies, Georgetown University, and Visiting Scholar, School of Advanced International Studies, John Hopkins University. His latest edited volume is Myanmar: The Dynamics of an Evolving Polity (2015).

Michael P. Steinberg

Michael P. Steinberg is the Barnaby Conrad and Mary Critchfield Keeney Professor of History and professor of music and German studies at Brown University. Current work includes The Trouble with Wagner (2018), The Afterlife of Moses (2022), and the guest curatorship of Richard Wagner and the Nationalization of Feeling, Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, April–September 2022.

James Steintrager

James Steintrager, associate professor of political science at Wake Forest University, has written widely on political philosophy and is currently preparing The Complete Works of Jeremy Bentham as well as a volume interpreting Bentham for the modern reader.

Charles Herbert Stember

Alfred Stepan

Alfred Stepan is Wallace S. Sayre Professor of Government, director, Center for the Study of Democracy, Toleration and Religion, Columbia University; First Rector, Central European University

John D. Stephens

John D. Stephens is Professor of Political Science and Sociology at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

Mitchell Stephens

Mitchell Stephens, professor of journalism and mass communication at New York University, is the author, most recently, of The Rise of the Image, the Fall of the Word (1998). His book, A History of News (1988, 1996), has been translated into four languages and was a New York Times “Notable Book of the Year.”

Stefana Steriade

Stefana Steriade works at the Center of Social Studies and Opinion Polling in Bucarest.

Fritz Stern

Biography not available.

Guenther Stern

Jessica Stern

Jessica Stern is a lecturer in Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. She is the author of Terror in the Name of God (2003) and The Ultimate Terrorists (1999).


Paul C. Stern

Paul C. Stern is a scholar with the Board on Environmental Change and Society, National Research Council. His research interests include determinants of environmentally significant household behavior, participatory processes for environmental decision making, and the governance of environmental resources and risks.

Dolf Sternberger

Dolf Sternberger is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at Heidelberg University. His most recent book is Machiavelli's Principe und der Begriff des Politischen (1975).