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NONTHEMATIC / Vol. 23, No. 2 (Summer 1956)

Hans Apel
Growth Trends in Productivity, Consumption, and Investment

The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the fact that the observable rates of growth in productivity have shown a clear tendency during the last quarter of a century to increase continuously, and to suggest that this cannot be easily interpreted as merely a temporary deviation. As a consequence, it becomes relevant to inquire into the fundamental implications of such a trend for the consumption function, as well as for the growth requirements of the economy at large.

Helmut R. Wagner
A New Generation of German Labor

One of the most important and nevertheless obscure problems of West Germany's amazing recovery from the collapse in 1945 is that of the present orientations of the generations that grew up under national Socialism, and the extent to which they have become integrated in the German social structure today. A recent investigation shed some light on this problem, at least within the boundaries of a specific and socially relevant area: the new generation of German labor. The essential findings of that investigation are summarized in the following pages.

Felicia J. Deyrup
Contract Production In Underdeveloped Countries—A Problem in Industrial Organization

Because it is recognized that great risk attends new kinds of business ventures in societies undergoing rapid economic change, many students of development place emphasis on government as the agent primarily responsible for promoting growth. Whether the government be that of the underdeveloped country in question, of another country, like the United States, or of a supranational organization, like the United Nations, it is generally assumed that it can, for the sake of achieving certain social, economic, and political goals, bear risks that are so great in purely economic terms as to be prohibitive to the private businessman.

Horace M. Kallen
City Planning and the Idea of the City—Considerations Especially About New York

"Large as the permanent population of the city is, the transient population seems proportionally as great. Indeed, it is said that not so many of those who work, and even fewer of those who play, in New York live there, and that those who live there are continually moving from section to section.

M. Roshwald
Political Parties and Social Classes in Israel

The question of these relations in Israel is brought to the front by the July 1955 elections to the Knesset (parliament). The problem in Israel is not so simple as it might be if the simplified Marxist approach were adopted. Israeli society is far too complicated, however, to allow for such an explanation. In Israel political parties manifest a complexity that cannot be accounted for by the pattern of Marxism, and even social classes can hardly be graded in economic terms alone.

Alfred Schutz
Mozart and the Philosophers

[reprinted in 51:1 50th Anniversary Issue] But I have to forego the temptation to demonstrate how each generation has had to rediscover the man Mozart and his work and to reinterpret his position within the mainstream of music. My purpose is to examine in a very condensed form the images that three modern philosophers--Hermann Cohen, Soren Kierkegaard, and Wilhelm Dilthey--have formed of Mozart and his art; and these images, as will be shown, are restricted to Mozart’s operas.

Morris Budin
Quality and Competition: An Essay in Economic Theory

Review of book by Lawrence Abbott. New York: Columbia University Press. 1955. 229 pp.

Hugh H. Smythe
The Republic of Indonesia

Review of book by Dorothy Woodman. New York: Philosophical Library. 1955. 444 pp.

Barna Horvath
Sociologie Generale

Review of book by Jean Haesaert. Brussels-Paris: Editions Erasme, Societe Anonyme. 1956. xiv & 511 pp.

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