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NONTHEMATIC / Vol. 39, No. 4 (Winter 1972)

Arien Mack, Editor

John P. Diggins
Thoreau, Marx, and the "Riddle" of Alienation

Though both Karl Marx and Henry David Thoreau dealt with the effects of alienation on humanity, they differed greatly in political, ethical, and social beliefs, 1840s–50s.

Raymond Aron
Reason, Passion and Power in the Thought of Clausewitz

Discusses Karl von Clausewitz's contemplation of the diversity of war juxtaposed with the unity of the concept of war, the connection between political intentions and military means, and the reciprocal determination of political regimes and the modalities of warfare, 1820s–1830s.

Bhikhu Parekh
Utopianism and Manicheism: A Critique of Marcuse's Theory of Revolution

Marcuse’s moral theory on which his theory of revolution rests is somewhat tentative and inchoate. That human life is worth living he takes to be an “absolute” presupposition, “the a priori,” of social theory and practice. From it he deduces man’s “self-evident” natural and universal “right” to a full life.

Carroll Smith-Rosenberg
The Hysterical Woman: Sex Roles and Role Conflict in 19th Century America

Examines hysteria as a social role within the 19th-century family as an indicator of domestic stress, stress resolution, female roles, and male-female relations within a stringent social organization. Not only was hysteria a widespread and in the intellectual history of medicine significant disease, it remains to this day a frustrating and ever-changing illness.

Bruno Snell
On The Unity of History

When Herodotus, the “Father of History” as he is called, began to write the second half of the fifth century, he took the Persian wars of the years 490 and 480–79 as the subject of his work. However, he in no way limited himself to this great event in the Greek past. He attempted to describe extensively what had gone on before in Greece, how the great kingdoms of the east had developed and how the war with Persia came about. It designates the human intellectual effort necessary to reach the truth and put this truth down in writing. Truth here, is no longer, as earlier, a gift of the Muses and the result of inspiration. Here it is assumed that man searches for truth, struggles after it, exerts himself methodically to acquire it.

Helmut R. Wagner
Husserl and Historicism

Husserl published the first two parts of The Crisis of European Sciences at the begin of 1936. The whole study plus an extensive collection of related essays and notes have been available in print since 1954. Yet, phenomenologists have been rather reluctant to face up to one of the central issues of the last major work of Husserl: the historicity of philosophy.

Paul Roazen
Freud and America

Reviews of Nathan G. Hale's 'Freud and the Americans, Vol. I New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. 574 pp.

Nathan G. Hale’s James Jackson Putnam and Psychoanalysis' Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971. 384 pp.

Barbara G. Rosenkratz
Booby Hatch or Booby Trap: A New Look at Nineteenth-Century Reform

A review of David J. Rothman’s The Discovery of the Asylum: Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1971. xx & 376 pp.

David Sachs
Learned Ignorance

A review of Morton Kaplan’s On Historical and Political Knowing. Chicago (and London): University of Chicago Press, 1971. 159 pp.

John C. Eccles
Brain and Mind

A review of Karl H. Pribram’s Languages of the Brain: Experimental Paradoxes and Principles in Neurophysiology. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc. 1971. xiv & 432 pp.

Vivian M. Rakoff
Women: Polemical Invention and Empirical Search

A review of Judith M. Bardwick’s Psychology of Women: A Study of Bio-Cultural Conflicts. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.

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