NONTHEMATIC / Vol. 27, No. 2 (Summer 1960)
It would be pleasant to be able to say that the farm problem is being solved and that farm economic conditions are getting better. But the truth is that conditions are getting worse. The decade of the 1950s was a disappointing one for farmers--and a disillusioning one. While the rest of the nation has been climbing to ever higher levels of prosperity, farm people have been taking cuts in income. Prices or farm products are declining, and the costs of farm production are going up.
Power without Mandate--Macht ohne Mandat--the title of a recent book on East Germany, is in two ways an apt description of present East German rulership. It indicates something that this rule shares with other undemocratic regimes: that totalitarian control means unlimited and irresponsible government. And in addition it highlights the fact that in this instance the unit in which such control is exercised cannot even be called a nation, or country, in the ordinary sense; in contrast to other so-called "captive nations," the self-styled German Democratic Republic, in the eyes of most of its inhabitants, is not a "nation," but part of one.
The need for anti-inflationary policy was born and reared in a climate of high prosperity and boom. Therefore the recent tendency of inflation to persevere even through recession has necessarily led to an examination of the continued usefulness of our traditional defenses, and of possible new avenues of approach to the problem. Past periods of recession had at least the merits of producing deflationary effects sufficient to bring the long-range rate of inflation down to tolerable proportions from the extreme peaks reached under war and postwar pressures.
To understand the communist bloc it is necessary to understand the legal principles regulating the relations between socialist countries. What is the nature of the relations that link them together? Do these bonds substantially differ from traditional concepts of inter-state relations? And if they do, what are their specific features? At present, as will be discussed in the following pages, the legal basis of the communist bloc is twofold: on the one hand an international treaty system; and on the other hand the principle of 'socialist internationalism.'
Behaviorism as well as every other objective scheme of reference in the social sciences has, of course, as its chief purpose, to explain with scientifically correct methods what really happens in the social world of our everyday life. It is, of course, neither the goal nor the meaning of any scientific theory to design and to describe a fictitious world having no reference whatsoever to our common sense experience and being therefore without any practical interest for us.
"In recent years we have witnessed the beginning of a new trend in the sociology of complex organizations. There is a growing interest in the relation of the organization to other social units not included in the organization itself. At first the study of organizations, seen as 'formal structures,' was completely separated from the study of social groups. Subsequently social life within the organization--'informal structures'--gained attention; this was a considerable achievement, and perhaps because it was such an impressive one, many students of organizations tended to focus their attention solely on this area of research.
Comments on Robert W. Stevens article, "New Problems for the United States in the World Economy."
Review of book by Editors of Fortune. New York: Harper. 1960. 266 pp.
Review of book by John H. Herz. New York: Columbia University Press. 1959. viii & 360 pp.
Review of book edited by Frank N. Trager. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press. 1959. 381 pp.
Review of book by A. R. Desai. Bombay: Indian Society of Agricultural Economics. 1959. 440 pp.
Review of book by Melford Spiro and Audrey G. Spiro. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1958.
Review of book by Benjamin Higgins.New York: W. W. Norton. 1959. 803 pp.
Review of book by Frederic Clairmonte. Paris: Minard. 1958. 361 pp.
Review of book by R. Kelf-Cohen. New York: St. Martin's. 1959. 310 pp.
Review of book by B. S. Keirstead. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. 1959. 180 pp.
Review of book edited by Sidney Hook. New York: New York University Press. 1959. 370 pp.
Review of book by C. Wright Mills. New York: Oxford University Press. 1959. 234 pp.
Review of book by John W. Thibaut and Harold H. Kelley. New York: Wiley. 1959. 313 pp.
Review of book by Henry Landsberger. Ithaca.: Cornell University (New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations). 1958. 119 pp.
Review of book by Georg G. Iggers. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. 1958. 210 pp.