Author Index

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Bios as of the time of publication. Please use your browser's search function [ctrl/cmd-F] to find authors by last name. 

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Lawrence Badash

Lawrence Badash, Professor Emeritus of the history of science at the University of California, Santa Barbara, works on the history of radioactivity and nuclear physics and the role of scientists in the nuclear arm race. His books include Radioactivity in America: Growth and Decay of a Science (1979) and Scientists and the Development of Nuclear Weapons: From Fission to the Limited Test Ban Treaty, 1939–1963 (1995).

Peter Baehr

Peter Baehr is a doctoral student in the Department of Sociology at the University of Leicester, England.

Bianca Baggiarini

Bianca Baggiarini is a political sociologist and senior lecturer at UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy. Her research is broadly concerned with the social and political effects of autonomous weapons systems. To that end, her research examines the figure of the citizen-soldier considering security privatization and theories of military sacrifice. Her current work is focused on military attitudes towards autonomous weapons, and the impact of high technology warfare on issues of trust, reward, recognition, and recruitment in the military.

Ravi Baghirathan

Ravi Baghirathan is a graduate student in the Graduate Faculty at The New School and a researcher at the Center for Economic Policy Analysis. He is currently pursuing research in the philosophy of science and the history of economic thought.

Joe Bailey

Joe Bailey is a professor of sociology at Kingston University. His publications include Social Europe (ed. 1998), Pessimism (1988), and "Some Meanings of The Private?" in Sociological Thought in Sociology (14:3 2000).

Mervyn J. Bain

Mervyn J. Bain is a senior lecturer at the University of Aberdeen. He has published articles on the relationship between Moscow and Havana in various national and international journals and is also the author of three books on the relationship, including the most recent, From Lenin to Castro, 1917 to 1959: Early Encounters between Moscow and Havana (2013).

Jon Bakija

Jon Bakija, a professor of economics at Williams College, is the coauthor of Taxing Ourselves: A Citizen’s Guide to the Debate over Taxes (4th ed. 2008).

Ajit Balakrishnan

Ajit Balakrishnan, an entrepreneur in the IT and media industries, is chairman of the board of the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta and also chairs the Indian Ministry of IT committee on Internet governance. He blogs at

Jorge Balan

Jorge Balan, a sociologist and international education expert, is a senior research scholar at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs. His most recent book is World Class Worldwide: Transforming Research Universities in Asia and Latin America (with Altbach, 2007).  

Lacey Baldwin Smith

Lacey Baldwin Smith, Professor Emeritus of History and Peter B. Ritzma Professor in the Humanities at Northwestern University, is the author of eight books on English history, including Fools, Martyrs, Traitors: the Story of Martyrdom in the Western World. He is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Etienne Balibar

Etienne Balibar was born in 1942. He is the Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the University of Paris 10 Nanterre and a Distinguished Professor of Humanities at the University of California, Irvine. His most recent books in English include Politics and the Other Scenes (2002) and We, the People of Europe? Reflections on Transnational Citizenship (2004).

Alexander S. Balinsky

Alexander S. Balinky, an associate professor of economics at Rutgers University, was born in the Soviet Union, and though he left there at an early age, he is thoroughly familiar with the Russian language. He has written several articles on Soviet affairs and is at work on a book dealing with the subject of his present essay. 

George W. Ball

George W. Ball (1909-1994), formerly Undersecretary of State (1961-1966), was a senior partner with Lehman Brothers. He wrote The Discipline of Power (1968). 

Edward Balleisen

Edward Baleinen is the vice provost for interdisciplinary studies, as well as a professor of history and public policy at Duke University. His most recent book, Fraud: An American History from Barnum to Madoff (2017), won the Gomory Prize from the Business History Conference and also has a companion website:

Ryan K. Balot

Ryan K. Balot is an associate professor of Classics at Washington University in St. Louis. His publications include Greed and Injustice in Classical Athens (2001) and articles on ancient Greek history and political thought.

E. Digby Baltzell

E. Digby Baltzell (1915-1996) is a professor of sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. He has written two books, Philadelphia Gentlemen and The Protestant Establishment, and is engaged with a third on the Protestant ethic and the spirit of leadership. 

Mukulika Banerjee

Mukulika Banerjee, author of The Pathan Unarmed (2000) and editor of Effervescent Democracy (2011), is a reader in social anthropology at the London School of Economics. Her current research is on popular perceptions of democracy in India. She is preparing a monograph on the subject.

Dwaipayan Banerjee

Dwaipayan Banerjee is a doctoral candidate in the anthropology department at New York University. His research examines the politics of life and suicide in New Delhi, India.

Lopamudra Banerjee

Lopamudra Banerjee, an assistant professor of economics at The New School, is engaged in a research program examining disasters and discontinuities in the natural physical system, as well as disorders and disequilibria in the social system.

William Augustus Banner

William Augustus Banner is a professor and chairman of the Department of Philosophy at Howard University. His most recent book is Moral Norms and Moral Order (1980).

Claudia Baracchi

Claudia Baracchi is an assistant professor of philosophy at the New School University's Graduate Faculty. Her most recently published paper is "Meditations on the Philosophy of History" in Research in Phenomenology (2001). She published Of Myth, Life, and War in Plato's Republic in December 2001.

Moshe Barasch

Moshe Barasch is the Jack Cotton Professor of Architecture and Fine Arts at Hebrew University. He is the author of Giotto and the Language of Gestures. His book, The Blind: The History of an Image, is in progress.

Morton S. Baratz

Morton S. Baratz is an instructor in economics at Yale University and has been a chairman of the Housing Authority of New London, Connecticut since 1949.

Bernard Barber

Bernard Barber is a Professor Emeritus at Columbia University. He is the author of Constructing the Social System (1993) and Social Studies of Science (1990).

Joanne Barkan

Joanne Barkan’s series of articles on philanthropy and the corporate reform of public education in the United States can be found at

Leonard Barkan

Leonard Barkan is the Samuel Rudin Professor of the Humanities at New York University, the Director of the New York Institute for the Humanities, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is the wine editor of Gambero Rosso and author of, most recently, Transforming Passion: Ganymede and the Erotics of Humanism (1991).

David Barkin

David Barkin, an assistant professor of economics at New York University, has written widely in the field of economic development. He is co-editor of a book in preparation, Strategies of Nation-building: the Case of Cuba.

Jonathan Baron

Jonathan Baron is a professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania and a founding editor of the journal, Judgment and Decision Making. His research interests include how people think about moral questions, especially questions about public policy. Current topics of interest are the nature of individual differences in reflective and intuitive thinking and the possible existence of naïve theories of the role of citizens in democracies, such as the idea that people should vote for their self-interest or for the interests of groups with which they identify.

Geoffrey Barraclough

Geoffrey Barraclough is the Chichele Professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford. His published works include An Introduction to Contemporary History and The Origins of Modern Germany. He is presently working on a volume, entitled, From the Crisis of Capitalism to the Crisis of Neo-Capitalism, World History, 1929-1972.

Christian Barry

Christian Barry is the director of the Center for Moral, Social, and Political Theory in the Research School of the Social Sciences at the Australian National University. His publications include International Trade and Labor Standards: A Proposal for Linkage (with Reddy, 2008).

David T. Barstow

David T. Barstow, an investigative reporter for the New York Times, won the 2009 Pulitzer Prize for exposing a Pentagon campaign to use retired military officers working as analysts for television and radio networks to reiterate administration talking points about the war on terror.

Reid Basher

Reid Basher, Senior Coordinator of the Inter-Agency and Policy Coordination Unit in the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, studies the interaction of science, policy, and applications practice concerning climate risk and disasters, early warning and the management of seasonal variability, and adaption to climate change.

Sean Basinski

Sean Basinski is the founder and director of the Street Vendor Project at the Urban Justice Center. In 1998, before attending law school, Sean sold burritos at the corner of 52nd Street and Park Avenue. He teaches classes in community organizing at NYU and Columbia.

Gary Bass

Gary J. Bass is an assistant professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University. He is the author of Stay the Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals (2000). A former reporter for The Economist, he has written for The New York Times, The Washington Post, The New Republic, and other publications.

Mary T. Bassett

​Mary T. Bassett is director of the François-Xavier Bagnoud (FXB) Center for Health and Human Rights and FXB professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights in the department of Social and Behavioral Science at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Previously, Dr. Bassett served for four years as commissioner of health for New York City.

Robert Bates

Robert H. Bates is the Eaton Professor in the Department of Government at Harvard University and an associate professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Toulouse. His books include Prosperity and Violence (2002) and When Things Fell Apart (2008).

David Bathrick

David Bathrick is an associate professor of German at the University of Wisconsin, Madison and the author of The Dialectic and the Early Brecht (1975).

Jean Baudrillard

Jean Baudrillard is a professor of sociology at the University of Paris, Nanterre. His most recent book is Simulacres et Simulation (1981). 

Tamas Bauer

Tamas Bauer is a senior research fellow at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics, in Budapest. 

Gregory Baum

Gregory Baum is a professor of religious studies at St. Michael's College, University of Toronto. He has recently published a book, Man Becoming

Zygmunt Bauman

Zygmunt Bauman is a professor of sociology at Warsaw University, the Chief Editor of Studia Socjologiczne, and the author of An Outline Sociology, Class-Movement Elite, Images of the Human World, Culture, and Society. He is now working on Essays in the Thea: of Culture.

Markus Baumanns

Markus Baumanns is the Executive Vice President of the Ebelin and Gerd Bucerius ZEIT Foundation. He is also Chairman of the Executive Board of Bucerius Law School. He is a frequent speaker in Germany and abroad on reforming German and European public higher education. He has published extensively on the reform of higher education in Germany and the internationalization of legal education in Germany.

William J. Baumol

William J. Baumol is a professor of economics at New York University and the Senior Research Economist and Professor Emeritus at Princeton University.

Eddie Bautista

Eddie Bautista is the Executive Director of the NYC Environmental Justice Alliance, which advocates for the empowerment and just treatment of environmentally overburdened neighborhoods. An award-winning community organizer and urban planner, he is also a visiting assistant professor at Pratt Institute.

Ronald Bayer

​Ronald Bayer, PhD, focuses his research on issues of social justice and ethical matters related to AIDS, tuberculosis, illicit drugs, and tobacco. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and has served on its committees dealing with the social impact of AIDS, tuberculosis elimination, vaccine safety, smallpox vaccination and the Ryan White Care Act. Dr. Bayer has been a consultant to the World Health Organization on ethical issues related to public health surveillance, HIV and tuberculosis. His articles have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of the American Medical Association, The Lancet, the American Journal of Public Health, and The Milbank Quarterly.

Geoffrey Baym

Geoffrey Baym is an associate professor of media studies at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro. He is the author of From Cronkite to Colbert: The Evolution of Broadcast News (2010) and the coeditor of News Parody and Political Satire Across the Globe (with Jones, forthcoming). His work on emerging forms of broadcast journalism and public affairs media has also appeared in numerous academic journals.

Gordon Bazemore

Gordon Bazemore, a professor of criminology and criminal justice and the director of the Community Justice Institute at Florida Atlantic University, is currently the Principal Investigator of the Balanced and Restorative Justice Project, funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Charles A. Beard

Charles A. Beard (1874-1978) was the most prominent American Progressive historian of his time. He earned his PhD from Columbia University in 1904, where he was a professor of history and public law until 1917. He resigned in reaction to the firing of fellow professors who protested US involvement in WWI. He was a founding member of the New School for Social Research, and his well-known works include An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution (1913), The Economic Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy (1915) and The Administration and Politics of Tokyo (1923).

Jo Becker

Jo Becker is the children’s rights advocacy director at Human Rights Watch and an adjunct associate professor of international and public affairs at Columbia University. Her most recent book is Campaigning for Children: Strategies for Advancing Children’s Rights (2017).

Samuel H. Beer

Samuel H. Beer (1912–2009) was a professor of government at Harvard University from 1946 until his retirement in 1982. He graduated from Balliol College, Oxford as a Rhodes scholar and wrote several speeches for Franklin Delano Roosevelt. After spending many years as a reporter for the New York Post, he received a PhD in political science from Harvard. Beer specialized in American and British government, publishing many books including The City of Reason (1949), British Politics in the Collectivist Age (1965), and Britain Against Itself: The Political Contradictions of Collectivism (1982).

Frances Beinecke

Frances Beinecke is the former president of the Natural Resources Defense Council. She is a member the Secretary of Energy’s Advisory Board, and she also serves on the advisory boards of the MIT Energy Initiative, the National Academies of Science, and the World Resources Institute.

Joel Beinin

Joel Beinin is the Donald J. McLachlan Professor of History at Stanford University. His latest books are The Struggle for Worker Rights in Egypt (2010) and Social Movements, Mobilization, and Contestation in the Middle East and North Africa (2011). 

Mark R. Beissinger

Mark R. Beissinger is a professor of political science and the director of the Center for Russia, East Europe, and Central Asia at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He recently published The Persisting Ambiguity of Empire (1995) and is a contributing coeditor of The Nationalities Factor in Soviet Politics and Society (1990).

Jean-Philippe Béja

Jean-Philippe Béja is a Research Professor Emeritus at the CERI-Sciences-Po (Center for International Research). A sinologist and a political scientist, he works on state-society relations and on democratic opposition in the People’s Republic of China. He has written extensively on the democratization of Hong Kong.

Konrad Bekker

Carolyn Shaw Bell

Carolyn Shaw Bell is the Katherine Coman Professor of Economics at Wellesley College, the author of The Economics of the Ghetto (1971), and a contributor to Coping in a Troubled Society (1974). 

Daniel Bell

Daniel Bell is the Henry Ford II professor of social sciences at Harvard University. His works include The Coming of Post-Industrial Society and The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism. 

Philip W. Bell

Philip W. Bell is William Alexander Kirkland Professor of Economics at Rice University. His most recent book, with Edgar O. Edwards and L. Todd Johnson, is Accounting for Economic Events (1980).

Aaron Ben-Zeev

Aaron Ben-Zeev is an associate professor of philosophy at the University of Haifa in Israel. 

Gyory Bence

Gyorgy Bence teaches in the Department of Social and Moral Philosophy within the Faculty of the Humanities at the Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest. 

Vaclav Benda

Vaclav Benda, a devout Catholic layman and a spokesman for Charter 77, served four years in prison. 

John C. Bender

John C. Bender, an assistant director of the Center for International Studies of New York University, has written in the field of international law. 

Reinhard Bendix

Reinhard Bendix is a professor of political science at the University of California, Berkeley. His most recent book is Kings or People: Power and the Mandate to Rule (1978).

Harold S. Benjamin

Erica Benner

Erica Benner is a fellow in political philosophy at Yale. Her books include Really Existing Nationalisms (Oxford 1995), Machiavelli's Ethics (Princeton 2009), and Machiavelli's Prince: A New Reading (Oxford 2013). She is writing a new book on Machiavelli, Be Like the Fox (Penguin), and a book on Thucydides (Princeton UP). 

Joseph Bensman

Joseph Bensman (1922-1986) was a professor of sociology at City College and the Graduate Center of CUNY. He was an applied and humanistic sociologist who wrote numerous books including Small Town in Mass Society (with Arthur Vidich, 1960) and Mass, Class, and Bureaucracy: The Evolution of Contemporary Society (1963).

Robert M. Berdahl

Robert M. Berdahl became the president of the Association of American Universities (AAU) in May 2006. He has also served as Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, and President of The University of Texas at Austin. 

Ivar Berg

Ivar Berg, an associate professor of business administration at Columbia University, has written many articles on industrial relations and a book, Democratic Values and the Rights of Management.

Bennett M. Berger

Bennett M. Berger, author of Working-Class Suburb, is an associate professor of sociology and Chairman of the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Davis. 

A. A. Berle, Jr.

Adolph Augustus Berle, Jr. (1895-1971) was on the faculty of Columbia Law School and was a member of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Brain Trust, which shaped the New Deal. He was assistant secretary of state to Latin America during World War II and, after the war, ambassador to Brazil from 1945 to 1946. His books include Modern Corporation and Private Property (1933), Tides of Crisis (1957), and Power Without Property (1959).

Sir Isaiah Berlin

Sir Isaiah Berlin is a fellow at All Souls College, Oxford and the president of the British Academy. His most recent book is Vico and Herder: Two Studies in the History of Ideas (1976).

Jerry Berman

Jerry Berman is the founder and Executive Director of the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT), as well as the President of the Internet Education Foundation. He chairs the 120-organization Advisory Committee to the Congressional Internet Caucus.

Haskell E. Bernstein

Haskell E. Bernstein is the Training and Supervisory Analyst on the faculty of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis and Attending Psychiatrist at Michael Reese Hospital. 

Jay M. Bernstein

Jay M. Bernstein is a professor of philosophy at the Graduate Faculty of the New School University. He is the author of Adorno: Disenchantment and Ethics (2001), and he edited and wrote the introduction to Classic and Romantic German Aesthetics (2003). His paper in this issue is part of a work in progress provisionally entitled, Moral Inquiry.

Peter L. Bernstein

Peter L. Bernstein is the publisher of Economics & Portfolio Strategy, a newsletter for institutional investors, and the consulting editor of The Journal of Portfolio Management. His latest book is The Power of Gold: The History of an Obsession (2000).

Kent Berridge

Kent C. Berridge is the James Olds Collegiate Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience in the Psychology Department and Neuroscience Program at the University of Michigan.

Virginia Berridge

Virginia Berridge is a professor of history at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Her publications include Opium and the People, republished and revised edition (1999); AIDS in the UK: The Making of Policy, 1981-1994 (1996); and Health and Society in Britain Since 1939 (1999).

Daniel Bessner

Daniel Bessner is the Anne H. H. and Kenneth B. Pyle Assistant Professor in American Foreign Policy in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington. He is the author of Democracy in Exile: Hans Speier and the Rise of the Defense Intellectual (forthcoming, 2018).

Alan Beyerchen

Alan Beyerchen teaches German history at Ohio State University and is the author of Scientists Under Hitler: Politics and the Physics Community in the Third Reich (1981). 

Jamshed Bharucha

Jamshed Bharucha is the president of Cooper Union and the former provost and senior vice president of Tufts University. As a psychologist who studies cognitive neuroscience and music perception, he has focused on the cognitive and neural basis of the perception of music in his research.

Sabyasachi Bhattacharya

Sabyasachi Bhattacharya, a condensed matter physicist and the former director of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in Mumbai, is currently a distinguished professor at TIFR.

Nehal Bhuta

Nehal Bhuta is a professor of public international law at the European University Institute. He works in the areas of human rights law, laws of war, and the history and theory of international law.

Mario Biagioli

Mario Biagioli is a professor of the history of science at Harvard University. He is the author of Galileo Courtier (1993) and Galileo's Instruments of Credit (2006), editor of The Science Studies Reader (1998), and co-editor of Scientific Authorship (2003) and Contexts of Invention (forthcoming). He is currently working on a book on intellectual property and authorship in science.

Cristina Bicchieri

Cristina Bicchieri is the SJP Harvie Professor of Social Thought and Comparative Ethics at the University of Pennsylvania and director of the Philosophy, Politics and Economics program. She is a foremost scholar of rational choice and philosophy of social science and a leader in behavioral ethics.