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NONTHEMATIC / Vol. 3, No. 4 (Winter 1936)

While these lines are being written, the reform of the League of Nations has still to be discussed by the representatives of its members; before they are printed, the proposals of different countries will have been published and probably submitted to a committee which will study them more thoroughly than can the Assembly of the League.

According to one school of thought, democracy means the creation of the maximum amount of liberty for the individual, who is to get as many rights as possible and is not to bother with his corresponding duties toward society. As Max Weber put it, the aim is liberty from the state, not liberty within the state.

Approximately 27 million people, 22.2 percent of the population of the United States, live in the South. Of these 19 million, or 70 percent, live in rural communities (13 million on farms). In eight southeastern states no less than 12 percent of the population 21 years of age and over are illiterate, while two other states count more than 18 percent illiterate.

The general theory of employment, as presented in J. M. Keynes' new book, is based on the mechanism of "effective demand," the main idea of which is simple: the degree to which equipment of a given quantity and quality is utilized is contingent upon the volume of effective demand.

Since it is impossible to discuss all the problems dealt with in Keynes' unusually rich and stimulating book, my remarks shall be confined to only two questions: first, what is the basis of two fundamental concepts that Keynes introduces; second, can the theory offered in this book explain the extent and the severity of the last great depression, in other words, is it a general theory?

A businessman in his forties was brought to a mental hospital as a case of 'manic depressive psychosis, manic phase.' In short, he had suffered a stroke from which he had recovered quickly, except for some residual which, for practical life, were unimportant. After this he fell into a state of deep depression for some time, accompanied by suicidal ideas, followed by a high state of excitement.

Alfred Weber's Kultursoziologie, although influenced by Max Weber's sociological work, is a very personal approach to a sociological synthesis of the historical process. This work is the outcome of twenty-five years of concentration on the subject.

Review of a book by Max Horkheimer. , vol. 5. Paris: Librairie Felix Alcan. 1936. 947 pp.

Review of a book by Edward Stevens Robinson. New York: Macmillan. 1935. 348 pp.

Review of a book by Carl Iversen. New York: Oxford University Press. 1935. 536 pp.

Review of a book by Margaret Mary Wood. New York: Columbia University Press. 1934. 295 pp.

Review of a book by E. M. Butler. New York: Macmillan. 1935. 351 pp.

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