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NONTHEMATIC / Vol. 31, No. 3 (Fall 1964)

John T. Marcus
Death-Consciousness and Civilization

At the heart of history remains the problem of the origin of civilization. It underlies historical philosophy and cultural anthropology. Not only is the question vital in its own right, as a matter of historical understanding, but it may contain the crucial clue to the very nature of civilizations, and thus also to the problems of their life-cycles and decline.

Herbert I. Schiller
International Resource Relationships in a Changing World

Natural resource relationships among nations reflect the totality of the power patterns that underlie them. The character and quantity of the resources traded among nations, including the other elements involved in the transactions, such as shipping, financing and capital flows, are matters that can be explained satisfactorily by evaluating the relative power positions among nations. If power shifts, the relationships sooner or later must change. We are now experiencing, somewhat tardily, changes in natural resource relationships among nations which are beginning to correspond to the transformation that has already occurred in the world’s sociopolitical structure.

John H. Herz
The Relevancy and Irrelevancy of Appeasement

Appeasement is an emotive term referring to a highly emotional issue. The issue underlies much in recent and current foreign policy debate, not only in this country and on the West but also on the other side of the Iron Curtain. In the West, it has long divided the participants in the cold war debate over the problem of what to do about the world split, what to do about communism.

Bernard Schurman
Consumption Trends and the Role of Social Consumption Funds Under the Soviet Party Programme

The purpose of this paper is to explore certain aspects of Soviet Russia’s new Party Programme’s goals for consumption, and particularly to analyze some of the implications of the role it gives to social consumption funds.

Oscar Ornati
Affluence and the Risk of Poverty

As a nation, we have been more concerned with poverty--or at least, we speak and write more about the poor--than any other civilized country. Yet, and almost in spite of this fact, there is no consensus as to the definition of poverty, its contemporary meaning, its theoretical and real causes, the size of the problem, the actions to be taken to do away with it or the dangers to our society for not doing away with it. This paper presents a preliminary attempt at defining poverty in order to clarify some of the issues involved and to formulate approaches to policy.

Thelma McCormack
Madchen Without Uniform

Bruno Bettelheim recently commented on the curious neglect by psychological theory of adolescence among girls. Even in literature, where social science is often anticipated, there are no female figures comparable in stature to Huckleberry Finn or Joyce’s Stephen. Until recently, pop culture did not have these bourgeois maidens. More closely related to the broad realities of social structure, popular culture reflected the hard fact that for most women there was no in-between period and little if any choice.

Stanford M. Lyman
The Spectrum of Color (Review Note)

Berry, Brewton. New York: Macmillan Company, 1963. 212 pp

William McCord
Nigerian Political Parties: Power in an Emergent African Nation

Review of book by Richard L. Sklar. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963. 578 pp.

Lynn Turgeon
Real Wages in Soviet Russia Since 1928

Review of book by Janet G. Chapman. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963. 395 pp.

Lea E. Williams
Religion and Nationalism in South-east Asia

Review of book by Fred R. von der Mehden. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1963. 253 pp.

Michael Parenti
A New Survey of the Social Sciences

Review of book edited by Baidya Nath Varma. Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1962. 248 pp.

George Horowitz
Selected Judgements of the Supreme Court of Israel. Vol. I, 1948-1962; Vol. II, 1954-1958

Jerusalem: Ministry of Justice of Israel, 1962 and 1963. Distributors outside Israel, Oceana Publications, Inc., New York.

David Chaplin
Workers, Factories and Social Change in India

Review of book by Richard D. Lambert. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963. 247 pp.

Jordan Field
The Third Child: A Study in the Prediction of Fertility

Review of book by Charles F. Westoff, Robert G. Potter Jr., and Philip C. Arthur. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963. 293 pp.

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