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NONTHEMATIC / Vol. 11, No. 3 (Fall 1944)

Hiram Halle was a great American. He stood out as a splendid example of the qualities that characterize the American at his best. He was a realist, in the sense that he dared without flinching to face facts as they are. He was an idealist who recognized that facts are not adamant, but subject to molding by the enlightened will of man.

In short, I should say that a trade policy based on exchange control and licensing of imports would tend to restrict the total trade of the countries using these devices, though it would make possible--despite many complications cause by the proposed controls--the diversion of a higher percentage of that total to the members of the group. This effect is in contradiction to the aims of the Economist’s plan, and such a negative result is even foreshadowed in the statement: 'The great danger in any system of purposive direction is lest, however good the intentions may be at the outset of working for an expansion of trade... in may in fact work out to be restrictive in operation' (January 22, p. 95(. I have tried to explain why this danger could not be avoided if the Economist’s plan were applied in practice..."

The production and productive capacity of the United States have made almost incredible strides in the course of World War II, and one of the most important tasks after the end of the war will be to find peacetime markets for this tremendous increase. The problem is exceedingly complex. In the present article the primary emphasis is on only one of its aspects: the changes that American production has undergone within the framework of world production, and the consequence that may be expected in this country’s economic relation with the rest of the world.

There is no inherent reason why the restoration of peace should bring on an economic crisis. A nation lives by the mutual services of its people. It can live well when the product of these services is abundant; it must live ill when production is feeble, as in India and China. Our country--not Japan--is the darling of the gods. Our soils produce in profusion everything that is needed for the full alimentation of our people. Our mineral resources are inexhaustible. Our science and technology have advanced to a stage in which any problem presented to them is on the way to solution the moment is defined. We can meet every human physical need with what we have. If we are wise.

Decent respect for the patience of readers would seem to bar new dissertations dealing with the relation between law and the social sciences. The period between the two wars saw such a flourishing of schools of 'sociological' or 'experimental' jurisprudence, 'legal realism,' 'social law,' legal 'fact finding,' 'Juristic functionalism,' 'institutionalism' and 'pragmatism' that one may wonder whether any further exploration of the subject matter is needed. There is, however, a trend in the present attitude of American judges which is worth investigating. In one sense this attitude is the outcome of the modern schools. In another sense, it represents, curiously enough, a reversal of their position.

Morton, a suburb of Peoria, Illinois, is a multiple-industry community and an agricultural service center. It withstood the depression relatively successfully, and since the 1930s it has grown rapidly, surpassing neighboring rural communities. Approximately two-thirds of its 2,300 inhabitants belong to two sects: the Mennonites and the "Apostolic Christian Church." The present study is concerned primarily with the latter organization, and with its influence on the social structure and social psychology of the community.

The war has now reached a stage in which all eyes are on the peace to come. Planning for postwar readjustment is well advanced, in both public and private circles. Many are now asking the questions: Are we going to repeat the same mistakes we made in 1919-1920? Are we due for another "Return to Normalcy"?

Professor Hahn has certainly performed a service for the economically interested public in pointing out the ease with which the poorer industrial nations can expand their output of capital goods, and thereby increase the stock of productive equipment available to them, without needing financial help from wealthier nations to an amount equal to the value of the additional output. It seems to me, however, that he has gone much too far in minimizing the significance of capital imports for full employment in the poorer countries, and that in doing so he had created misunderstandings at least as important as those he intended to dispel.

Review of book by Eugene Stanley. Montreal: International Labour Office. 1944. 218 pp.

Review of book by Antonin Basch. New York: Columbia University Press. 1943. xviii+275 pp.

Review of book by Peter Liashchenko. Vol. 1. Moscow: Economic Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. 1939. 675 pp.

Review of book by Joseph P. Chamberlain, Noel T. Dowling, and Paul R. Hayes. New York: Commonwealth Fund. 1942. xii+234 pp., index 10 pp.

Review of book by Herbert Rosinski. Washington: The Infantry Journal. 1944. viii+220 pp.

Review of book by Marvin Farber. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1943. xi+585 pp.

Review of book by L.L. Bernard and Jessie Bernard. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell. 1943. 848 pp., indexes 18 pp.

Review of book by Jacob Burckhardt. New York: Pantheon. 1943. vi+382 pp.

Review of book by John Ulric Nef. New York: Pantheon. 1943. 42 pp.

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