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NONTHEMATIC / Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer 1935)

Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.

In Memoriam to Mr. Justice Holmes

It is daring to praise a man who was supreme in a field so wide as to reach the horizon of universality: he was a master in legal science and legal statesmanship, yet his conception of law was so broad and articulated as to be a philosophy of law and a philosophy of life.

Alvin Johnson

The Rationale of Autarchy

As for the rest of the world, virtually every step in commercial policy has been in the direction of more exaggerated restrictions upon trade. Autarchy, or complete national self-sufficiency, has become a part of the creed of present day nationalism.

Gerhard Colm

Methods of Financing Unemployment Compensation

We shall discuss in this article the various methods of raising the necessary funds for unemployment compensation. This also involves a discussion of the relative advantages and disadvantages of the contributory, reserve and taxation systems. This, in turn, makes it necessary to touch upon the fundamental alternative of insurance or relief benefits, which is more a political and social problem than a fiscal one. We shall not, however, deal with this aspect of the problem in more detail than is necessary as a basis for understanding the financial problems to which this paper is devoted.

Frieda Wunderlich

Insurance or Relief

For decades the British dole system has been a target of criticism in this country. The American philosophy of individualism and self-help, constitutional difficulties, national optimism and the consciousness of the vast resources of the country, have resulted in the conviction that the unemployed person should look after himself. Now, the Security Bill marks a revolution in American philosophy and politics in its recognition that the risk of unemployment is too great for the individual to bear alone and that the government must step in to ensure him some income for the time during which he cannot get employment.

Eduard Heimann

Types and Potentialities of Economic Planning

Three elements derived from three different sources are combined in any contemporary attempt at economic planning: a dynamic, an equilibrial, and a sociopolitical element. The modes and relative weights of the elements in the combination constitute the different type of plans. It need not be stressed that this typology is tentative and will require a fuller elaboration against the background of varying actual situations which it seeks to comprehend.
 

Max Ascoli

On Political Parties

Further analysis of the function of political parties including: the three stages in which political parties and groups are organized and shaped, essential conditions to the successful working of the party system, and conditions that threaten to destroy democratic institutions.

Paul Kecskemeti

Ethics and the "Single Theory"

Examines the boundaries of ethical theory in relation to doctrine of the "Vienna School", in particular, work by Karl Menger.

Emil Lederer

On Imperfect Competition

Review of book by Edward Chamberlain. One of the most important contributions to the problem of imperfect competition, which has recently come into the focus of theoretical interest, is Chamberlain's book, The Theory of Monopolistic Competition. This work is a frontal attack upon the usual price theory and its implications, unchallenged in economic theory since Adam Smith.

Fritz Lehmann

New Literature on Money, Credit and Banking, 1933-1935

The following review article does not purport to include all the important books on money, credit and banking published in the United States and England during the last two years. Its aim is rather to present a picture of the problems of today and the lines of thought pursued for the solution, as revealed in most recent literature on the subject.

Albert Salomon

Max Weber's Wissenschaftslehre

Review of book by Alexander von Schelting. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Siebeck). 1934. 420 pp.

Hans Speier

Review of Books

Umschichtungen in den herrschenden Klassen nach dem Krieg. Robert Michaels. Stuttgart-Berlin: Kohlhammer. 1934. 133 pp.

American Business Leaders: A Study in Social Origins and Social Stratification. F.W. Taussig and C.S. Joslyn. New York: Macmillan. 1932. 319 pp.

Das Problem des Aufstiege. Imre Vida. Munich-Berlin: Oldenbourg. 1933. 159 pp.

Albert Salomon

Pietism As a Factor in the Rise of German Nationalism

Review of a book by Koppel S. Pinson. Columbia University Studies in History, Economics and Public Law, no 398. New York: Columbia University Press. 1934. 277 pp.

Arnold Brecht

Rasse und Staat: Tubingen

Review of book by Erich Voegelin. J.C.B. Mohr (Siebeck). 1933. 227 pp.

Karl Brandt

Modern Industrial Organization

Review of book by Herbert Beckerath. An Economic Interpretation. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1934. 385 pp.

Frieda Wunderlich

Die Frauenfrage in Deutschland. Stromungen und Gegenstromungen 1790-1930

Review of book by Hans Sveistrup and Agnes von Zahn-Harnack. Sachlich geordnete und erlauterte Quellenkunde. Burg b.M.: August Hopfer. 1934. 800 pp.

Karl Brandt

The American Farmer and the Export Market

Review of book by Oscar B. Jesness and Austin A. Dowell. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 1934. 269 pp.

Gerhard Colm

Volkswokhlstand und Volkseinkommen. Messung des Wohlstands und Dynamik des Lohnes

Review of paper by M. J. Elsas. Probleme der Konjunkturforschung, ed. By Eugen Altschul, no. 1] Leipzig: Hans Buske. 1934. 90 pp.

Frieda Wunderlich

Conciliation and Arbitration in Industrial Disputes

Review of study by International Labour Office. Studies and Reports, Series A (Industrial Relations) no. 34. Geneva. Boston: World Peace Foundation. 1933. 688 pp.

Frieda Wunderlich

International Survey of Legal Decisions on Labour Law, 1932

Review of survey by International Labour Office. Geneva. Boston: World Peace Foundation. 1934. 387 pp.

Karl Brandt

Island India Goes to School

Review of book by Edwin R. Embree, Margaret Sargent Simon, and W. Bryant Mumford. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1934. 120 pp.

Sidney B. Jacoby

The Spanish Origin of International Law. Part I. Francisco de Vitoria and his Law of Nations

Review of book by James Brown Scott. Publication of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. London: Oxford University Press. 1934. 228 pp.



 

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