Arien Mack, Editor
Table of Contents
The Third World as a Philosophical Problem
Analyzes the historical genesis of the third-world problem and attempts to discuss the different moral questions our relation to the third world implies. Focus on economic, political, and cultural aspects; asynchrony in human history; moral criteria; objections against the justice of the actual world economic system; demographic issues; more.
Social Categories and Claims in the Liberal State
Offers a look at social categories and claims in the liberal state. Problem of legitimate classification; Problem of legitimate inference; Understanding social classification; Clarification of terms; Features that distinguish official classifications from everyday and scientific categories; Social classification as historical process and political choice; Liberalism and legitimate classification; The emerging preference hierarchy in the use of social classifications.
Liberty, Equality, and Diversity: Some Reflections on Rorty
Discusses the message of Richard Rorty and of what basis it has on his work as well as reports on his philosophy itself. "Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity"; Initial topic of language; Core contention is that only sentences can be true; Final-vocabularies theory; Comments.
James M. Jasper
The Politics of Abstractions: Instrumental and Moralist Rhetorics in Public Debate
Describes and analyzes the differences and similarities between the moralist and instrumental rhetorical grounds in political argument. Grounds for arguments; What policy arguments normally contain; What arguments can emphasize; Details of instrumental arguments; Details of moralist arguments; Moralist versus instrumental; Conclusions.
A Stereotype of the West in Postpartition Poland
Discusses the stereotyping of the West in postpartition Poland. Western Europe has always been the main system of reference; The collapse of the commonwealth; Attitudes toward the West; Background; Repeated appeals for defense against immersion in foreign traits; Extensive documentation of the anti-West stereotype; Struggle against foreign customs and habits.
The Rise and Decline of Survey Sociology in Poland
Presents the case of the domination of the survey method in Polish sociology. Background of the domination; The birth and bloom of survey sociology; Decline of survey sociology; Sociologists not happy with the methodological level of survey studies conducted in Poland; Breaking of the domination of survey research; Public opinion in today's Poland.
Carlos de la Torre
The Ambiguous Meanings of Latin American Populisms
Presents a new approach to the study of Latin American populisms, stressing the analysis of those mechanisms that explain on the one hand the appeal of populist leaders and on the other the autonomous expectations and actions of followers. The structural preconditions of populism; Populist seduction; Populist leadership; Mechanisms of clientelism and patronage; Social history of populisms; The paradoxes of populism and democracy.
Settling Accounts with Blood Memory: The Case of Argentina
Presents the case of Argentina as a has-been country and discusses the problems that have made it difficult to settle accounts with the recent past. Politics of memory tends to be a crucial factor of social stability; A time of violence and fear; Campaign of death and terror; The desaparecidos; A time of assessment and retribution; The struggle over memory; A tentative conclusion.
Elisabeth Young-Bruehl and Laura Wexler
On "Psychoanalysis and Feminism"
Presents a brief historical survey and a commentary on psychoanalysis and feminism. Dissent and rejection; Period of relations between feminism and psychoanalysis; Appropriation; Critique; Female sexuality; More.