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NONTHEMATIC / Vol. 27, No. 4 (Winter 1960)

Erich Hula
The United Nations in Crisis

Hardly ever has the prestige of the United Nations soared so high as it did in the initial stages of the Congo crisis last summer. True, the organization had only limited success--and could not reasonably be expected to have more--in its attempt to restore some semblance of law and order in the strife-worn Republic. Nevertheless it could rightly claim that by the promptness of its armed intervention it averted, at least for the moment, possibly very serious international complications.

Nathan Rotenstreich
On Modern Society and World Outlook

Lest I be suspected of attempting to establish an artificial context in linking such seemingly remote topics as social reality and intellectual outlook, I shall preface my discussion with a few words about this relationship in general. In my belief, no attempt to comprehend any social order whatever can succeed unless it examines the view of man’s nature, status, rights, and duties on which that order is based. The factors constituting social reality, unlike those that make up our natural environment, are not given, self-explanatory, automatic. The nature of society is determined by, and its very existence is contingent on, the decision and acknowledgment, be it explicit or implicit, conscious or unconscious, of its members.

E. N. Peterson
Historical Scholarship and World Unity

As most of us learned it, history is ethnocentric, dividing the past into two worlds, 'ours' and 'theirs.' Until now 'our' historiography has had a near monopoly, but as Asian and African historians come to think through history as they learned in Europe, we shall confront equal and opposite extremes in interpretation. The intense counter-ethnocentrism of the 'others' will likely produce the same historical dichotomy of evils and goods, but with the roles reversed. Can we better defend a historical superiority than they?

Sayre P. Schatz
The Influence of Planning on Development: The Nigerian Experience

Most of the world's economically underdeveloped countries, including more than seventy colonies, came up with development plans shortly after World War II. These plans have taken many forms, ranging from a high degree of centralization and government ownership to a modest attempt by government to direct its activities so as to complement and stimulate the expected activities of the private sector. The plans have envisaged various means of development, have been sketched vaguely or worked out thoroughly, and have differed in many other respects. But they have in common an underlying belief that satisfactory economic growth requires positive government action.

Roy Lubove
Homes and "A Few Well Placed Fruit Trees": An Object Lesson in Federal Housing

This country's deeply rooted hostility to public housing has been shaken twice--once as a consequence of war and once as a result of depression. Most of us realize that such New Deal agencies as the Housing Division of the Public Works Administration and the United States Housing Authority launched an elaborate slum-clearance and low-income-housing program. Simultaneously, the shock of depression enabled reformers to inaugurate a federal community program. The Division of Subsistence Homesteads in the Department of the Interior and the Federal Emergency Relief Administration built more than sixty farm villages and communities. These were taken over in 1935 by the Resettlement Administration, which not only sponsored many more villages but three greenbelt communities as well.

Alvin Johnson
On Farm Policy (Review Note)

Discussion of farm policy and economic culture based on Ezra Taft's "Freedom to Farm," published in 1960.

Otto Kirchheimer
European Socialism: A History of Ideas and Movements, from the Industrial Revolution to Hitler's Seizure of Power

Review of book by Carl Landauer with Elizabeth Kridl Valkenier and Hilde Stein Landauer. Berkeley: Univ. of Cal. Press. 1960.

Donald S. Rothchild
African Nationalism

Review of book by Nbadaningi Sithole. New York: Oxford University Press. 1959. 174 pp.

Ernest Hamburger
Together We Stand: New Perspectives on French-American Relations

Review of book by Sylvan Gotshal with foreword by Carroll V. Newsom. Washington, DC: Public Affairs Press. 1959. 77 pp.

H. Pachter
The Costs of Democracy

Review of book by Alexander Heard. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 1960. 493 pp.

Marilyn Gittell
Freight and the Metropolis: The Impact of America's Transport Revolutions on the New York Region

Review of book by Benjamin Chinitz. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1960. 211 pp.

Albert Gorvine
The Federal Government and Metropolitan Areas

Review of book by Robert H. Connery and Richard Leach. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1960. 275 pp.

Alexander Melamid
Land for the Future

Review of book by Marion Clawson, R. Burnell Held, and Charles H. Stoddard. Published for Resources for the Future Inc. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. 1960. 570 pp.

Oscar Ornati
British Industrialists: Steel and Hosiery 1850-1950

Review of book by Charlotte Erickson. National Institute of Economic and Social Research, Economic and Social Studies XVIII. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1959. 276 pp.

Hans Neisser
Business Behavior, Value Growth

Review of book by William Baumol. New York: Macmillan. 1959. 164 pp.

Janice W. Harris
The Eclipse of Community: An Interpretation of American Studies

Review of book by Maurice R. Stein. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1960. 354 pp.

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