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RESCUE: The Paradoxes of Virtue / Vol. 62, No. 1 (Spring 1995)

Arien Mack, Editor

The papers in this issue are based on presentations given at a conference held at The New School for Social Research in November 1994 celebrating the 60th anniversary of the Graduate Faculty of Social Research.

This article presents a narrative of the author's experiences with rescue work, including the murder of the Tutsis and their Hutu sympathizers in Rwanda and an account of the lost boys of Sudan. There is also reason for the author's involvement in rescue work.

This article presents an article about the international rescue policy of the US as of 1993. motivation behind the US foreign policy; Barriers to the execution of rescue work; Impact of journalism on the US politics; Background of the automatic repatriation of Haitian refugees.

Presents a narrative of the author's experience of being able to avoid death during the civil war in Rwanda from 1990 to 1993. Background of the human rights work of the author in country; Description of the widespread violence across the region; Account of the French Operation Turquoise in southwestern Rwanda.

Presents an article about a world order which emphasizes collective responsibility and mutual cooperation and an objective basis for settling potential ethnopolitical conflicts and humanitarian conflicts. Relevance of humanitarian intervention; Dimensions of international rescue; Elevation of humanitarian intervention to intervention by right; Options in dealing with humanitarian crises.

Presents an article about the disadvantages of the expansion of military intervention. Strategies to address the anarchy of international relations; Discussion of the Westphalian order of international politics; Revision of the norm of non-intervention.

The article explores the arguments for and against political and military intervention in other countries. The importance of appropriate judgment by political leaders in making the decision to intervene is emphasized. The differences between military and humanitarian intervention are explained. The author focuses on intervention in countries where domestic brutalities such as rape, ethnic cleansing and state terrorism are regularly carried out, and offers an alternative type of rescue intervention.

Presents an article about the arguments for and against humanitarian intervention. Reasons for intervention; Aim of humanitarian intervention; Necessity of the deployment of soldiers in the implementation of humanitarian intervention; Delegation of power to authorize or constrain humanitarian interventions.

Presents an article about the moral aspects of international rescue and intervention. Elaboration of the moral principle behind the concept of rescue; Threat to international security after the Cold War; Agencies carrying out rescue operations independent of decisions by major powers.

Presents an article about the versions of solidarity based on biblical teachings in relation to the moral aspects of international rescue and intervention in the post-Cold War world. Account of social solidarity in the "Bible"; Definition of actuality; Sources of universal moral obligations; Relevance of the differences in political culture.

Presents an article about the moral aspects of rescuing political refugees. Types of moral duties; Significance of human rights; Internationalization of human rights; Controversy over the right to asylum.

Presents an article about the inefficiency of international intervention policies towards Bosnia & Hercegovina and Macedonia. Problems associated with internal stability and external aggression; Consequences of the weakness of the political elite of the regions; Comment on the Greek policy towards Macedonia; Power blocks present in the southern Balkans.

Comments on an article about liberalism and the right to culture. Obligation of nation-states to protect the cultural integrity of minorities; Individualization of a culture; Reasons for the protection of cultures and subcultures; Foundation of the educational program essential to a pluralistic democratic liberal state.

Presents a response to a comment on an article about the right to culture. Clarification on the nature of the Jewish culture and ultra-orthodoxy; Criteria for distinguishing forms of cultural groups; Characteristics of cultural groups.


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