Table of Contents
Leo Lowenthal and Ina Lawson
The Debate on Cultural Standards in Nineteenth Century England
It has lately become fashionable in sociological circles to make the idea of culture a topic for further investigation. Yet, one of the difficulties of making the sociology of culture a viable area is that it requires a commitment to historical orientation--a source of popular infatuation on the continent and of reactions of boredom and impatience in our country. Nevertheless, sociologists have made great strides towards overcoming parochial compartmentalization in increasingly discovering that many of our colleagues in literary history and criticism have spoken meaningful sociological prose all along, in placing literature as a cultural phenomenon in a social context.
Market Forces and Public Power in Wage Determination: Early Japanese Experience
The traditional discussions of the relative strength of “market” and “power” in wage determination abstain from the possible relationships between the degree of power-market mix in wage determination and the rate of economic growth. One of the purposes of this article is to throw some light on the question of appropriateness in the power-market mix in the determination of wages and working conditions in relation to growth by an interpretive description of the Japanese labor market experiences during Japan’s take-off period (1890-1915).
Kurt B. Mayer
The Changing Shape of the American Class Structure
The subject of social stratification is currently in a truly paradoxical state. On the one hand social class or socioeconomic status, as the more cautious sociologists often prefer to call it, has become the most widely used variable in empirical sociological research. Yet at the same time, and this is the paradox, the conceptual confusion which has long characterized this field shows no signs of abating. The article explores what accounts for this curious situation.
The Surface and Substance of Mill's Defense of Freedom
Since any addition to the already massive amount of literature concerned with John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty requires some justification, this paper states on the outset that it is an attempt to account for the attraction of the work itself. Even those who have been most moved by his appeal for liberty of the individual have been forced to admit that at some substantive point in the argument the logic of the presentation has been less than satisfactory.
Mordechai E. Kreinin
European Revaluations as a Solution to the United States Balance of Payments Deficit
Concern over the deficit in the United States balance of payments has been mounting since 1958. In that year the deficit reached 3.5 billion dollars and was accompanied by gold losses to the tune of 2.3 billion. In the following years the deficit persisted...While this liquid position is still strong, it cannot be permitted to deteriorate at the present rate in future years.
The Higher Dialectic of Philanthropy
In contemporary society, it has become more apparent that fewer and fewer primary producers are necessary to sustain an ever growing number of secondary and tertiary producers of services. Whereas Marx saw the polarized world of toiling masses and capitalists, the mature capitalism of one hundred years later witnesses the incorporation of the masses into the graduated income distribution system as we now know it. It appears that the managers of the economic system have found a formula for distributing the profits of industry more acceptably than Marx had envisaged.
The Yugoslav Panorama
Review of book by George Hoffman and Fred Neal. Yugoslavia and the New Communism.New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1962. 546 pp.
The Italian Economic Miracle and Organized Labor
Review of Giorgio Bocca. The Young Lions of the New Capitalism. Bari: Laterza, 1963.138 pp.
Henry M. Pachter
Mussolini's Enemies: The Italian Anti-Fascist Resistance
Review of book by Charles Delzell. Princeton University Press, 1961. 620 pp.
Fascismo e Anti-Fascismo (Lezioni e Testimonianze). Two Volumes. Milano: Feltrinelli. 702 pp.
Harold W. Pfautz
Theory of Collective Behaviour
Review of book by Neil J. Smelser. New York: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1963. 436 pp.
Class and Party in the Eisenhower Years
Review of book by Eulau Heinz. New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1962. 162 pp.
The Economic Functions of Gold
Review of book by Ian Shannon. Melbourne: F. W. Cheshire. 1962. 139 pp.
The Mental Patient Comes Home
Review of book by Howard E. Freeman and Ozzie G. Simmons. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 1963. 309 pp.
Arthur Jordan Field Differential Fertility in Central India
Review of book by Edwin D. Driver. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1963. 152 pp.